Wednesday, January 28, 2015

Chapter 25 Part VI


John Stuart Mill, On Liberty
Benjamin Disraeli
People's Budget
William Gladstone
Irish Home Rule


What were the various reforms instituted in England in the late 19th century?  Be sure to include policies from Benjamin Disraeli, William Gladstone, as well as the People's Budget (which was after Gladstone). Why was the House of Lords unsuccessful in vetoing these measures?

Look up on your own: Describe the road to women's suffrage in Britain in the early 20th century.  Who were Millicient Fawcett and Emmeline Pankhurst?  How did Parliament respond to their demands?

How did the Irish achieve home rule?  Why did northern Ireland stay with Great Britain?

Why does the Austro-Hungarian Empire establish a dual monarchy?  How successful is this new government?

What are the reasons for growing anti-Semitism, especially in central/Eastern Europe?  What are the responses to this?

Sunday, January 25, 2015

Chapter 25 Part V


Catholic Center Party
Social Democratic Party
William II
Paris Commune
Dreyfus Affair


Why did ordinary people feel increasing loyalty to their governments starting in the 1870s until World War I?

Why did Bismarck launch an attack on the Catholic Center Party, and why did it fail?

What sort of measures did Bismarck implement in order to win the support of the working class?

What were some of the major reforms made in the Third French Republic in France?

How did the Dreyfus affair reveal a deep divide between conservatives on one side and moderate republicans and socialists on the other?


Saturday, January 24, 2015

Chapter 25 Part IV


Emancipation Act
Sergei Witte
Russo-Japanese War
Revolution of 1905
Bloody Sunday


What were some of the most obvious ways that Russia lagged behind the rest of Europe, and how did Alexander II address this in his reforms? How effective were these reforms?

What was Sergei Witte's role in Russian industrialization?

Why did the Russians engage in war with Japan?

What sorts of grievances were workers and peasants expressing in the Revolution of 1905?  Was the Duma an effective response?


Friday, January 23, 2015

Crimean War (Supplementary Assignment)


What causes the Crimean War?

Why do Britain and France ally with the Ottomans even though the Ottomans are not Christian?

What conditions do the allies place on Russia to end the conflict?

What does Russia realize about itself after the Crimean War?  How does this immediately affect Russia's development in the late 19th century?


Another helpful video (in case you are sick of listening to me):

Chapter 25 Part I


Napolen III


Why does Napoleon III gradually liberalize his empire?  How does this demonstrate the growth of liberalism and nationalism by the 1860s?

What causes support for Napoleon III to decline?  Why does the Second French Empire collapse?


Chapter 25 Part III

Terms -- for Wednesday

Giuseppe Mazzini/Young Italy
Vincenzo Gioberti
Count Cavour
Pope Pius IX/Syllabus of Errors
Giuseppe Garibaldi/Red Shirts

Terms -- for Thursday

Otto von Bismarck
"blood and iron"
Prussian-Danish War
Austro-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War

Questions -- for Wednesday

Why was Sardinia-Piedmont seen as the logical center for a unified Italy?

Why does Italy initially ally with France?

Why does Cavour stop Garibaldi's advances into Rome, even though Garibaldi was important towards the unification of Southern Italy?

Questions -- for Thursday

What is Bismarck's relationship with Parliament?  How does this actually contribute positively to the unification of Germany?

Why does Prussia defeat Austria so handily in the Austro-Prussian War?  How does this war result in the exclusion of Austria from the German Confederation?

Why does Prussia go to war with France?  How does this lead to the unification of the southern German states?

Videos for Wednesday:

Not by me, but I think this guy sums up Italy really well:

Videos for Thursday:

Tuesday, January 13, 2015

Chapter 24 Part IV


Louis Pasteur
Auguste Compte
Charles Darwin
Social Darwinism


How did advances in scientific knowledge help the popular perception of it (i.e. how did people WITHOUT scientific knowledge perceive science)?

In what ways did Charles Darwin's ideas counter religion?

What is social Darwinism and why was it particularly popular among the middle class?

How did realists differ from romantics, and why do you think realism was emerging in this particular era?

Chapter 24 Part III


This is a little different from how we usually conduct homework.  Since this section is so social in nature, I want you to dominate most of the discussion tomorrow.

Greg:  Prepare discussion questions on marriage and prostitution (yay!)
Anya: Prepare discussion questions on gender roles and family life and child rearing.
I will bring questions about changes in education and leisure activities (not in reading, but things you should know).

Let me know if you have any questions!  Basically, have some bullet points to go along with your questions in case there is a lull in the conversation.  A lot of this information is intuitive/common knowledge, but certainly still fair game for a free-response question.

Chapter 24 Part II


Discuss the diversity of the middle class (i.e. the upper middle class, middle class, lower middle class).

Discuss the diversity of the lower class (i.e. labor aristocracy/"petite bourgeoisie", semi-skilled, and unskilled workers)

Discuss the changing emphasis on religion.  Why might industrialization play a part in this?

Chapter 24 Part I


Why were cities in the mid to late 19th centuries increasingly crowded?  What did governments (notably in France) do to remedy this problem?

How did Edwin Chadwick contribute to improvements in public health?

Saturday, January 3, 2015

Chapter 23 Part III


Louis Philippe
Louis Napoleon
Hungarian Revolution
Frankfurt Assembly
Frederick William IV


What prompted the 1848 revolutions in France?  Why was it ultimately unsuccessful?  What does this say about the desires of the middle versus the working class?

Why were the Hungarians unable to maintain their autonomy in the Austrian empire in 1848?

Why was the Frankfurt Assembly unable to get its liberal constitution approved and unify the German states?  What does this say about the nature of reaction in the 1848 revolutions in general?


Chapter 23 Part II


Liberation in Greece
Corn Laws
Battle of Peterloo (Peterloo Massacre)
Reform Bill of 1832
Anti-Corn Law League
Ten Hours Act
Revolution of 1830


How did the liberation movement in Greece symbolize an ideological change for some of the members of the Concert of Europe?

Describe the various reform efforts in England from the terms listed above.  How do they demonstrate a trending towards liberalism?

What were the accomplishments of the Revolution of 1830 in France?  They appear to be much less dramatic than the reforms achieved in England--why?


Friday, January 2, 2015

Chapter 23 Part I


Congress of Vienna
Klemens von Metternich
"Balance of Power"
Holy Alliance


What were the overall goals of the Congress of Vienna?  Who were the major players, and how are their goals not surprising given the previous period?

Explain liberalism and how it is NOT the same as liberalism today.  How far did "classical" liberals want to extend liberties and freedoms?

Why and how would nationalism be a logical byproduct of the French and Industrial Revolutions?

How did Marxism evolve, and how did it differ from the preceding utopian socialists?