Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Chapter 15, Part II

Terms to Outline:

  • Prince Henry the Navigator
  • Bartholomew Diaz
  • Vasco da Gama
  • Technological innovations
    • caravel
    • compass
    • astrolabe
  • General History of the Indies
  • Treaty of Tordesillas (look up--not mentioned in McKay)
  • Christopher Columbus
  • Amerigo Vespucci
  • Vasco Nunez de Balboa (also might have to look up outside of the text)
  • Ferdinand Magellan
  • Hernando Cortes
  • Francisco Pizarro
  • "Golden Century of Spain"
  • Columbian Exchange

Questions to Consider:
  • What motivated various countries to begin exploring new areas?  Why did Portugal lead the way and then Spain?
  • How does the text regard Columbus's achievements (or perhaps, lack thereof)?  Why was Columbus credited with so much achievement if he is considered so cruel?
  • What economic impact does exploration have on Spain?
  • Why is the Columbian Exchange significant?  Did it have a greater effect on Europe or the New World?

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