What are the various reasons why the "third world" countries started to lag behind the developed countries starting in the mid-19th century? Think beyond just industrialization--how did developed countries actively make this gap larger?
What specific technological innovations helped facilitate the growth of trade in European countries and the United States?
How did the British use the opium trade to open up its access to China? What was the result of the First Opium War (ending in 1842)?
How does the United States "open" Japan? How is this different from the British experience with China?
How do Ismail's economic projects in Egypt eventually lead to its occupation by Britain? How did the Egyptians try to resist this, and why weren't they successful?