Sunday, October 12, 2014

Chapter 16, Part II: The Age of Louis XIV

Terms to Outline

  • Louis XIV's absolutist characteristics
    • length of reign
    • France's position of power compared to other European countries
    • reaction to the Fronde
    • control over different classes
      • the Estates General
      • the peasantry -- what is a corvee?
    • role of Versailles and contribution towards absolutism
    • Mercantilism + Bullionism
    • Jean Babstiste Colbert
      • economic improvements
    • Weaknesses of mercantilism and the French Economy
  • Wars of Louis XIV
    • purpose of wars?
    • effect on France's stature?
    • War of Devolution (First Dutch War)
    • Second Dutch War
    • War of the League of Augsburg
    • War of Spanish Succession
      • Battle of Blenheim
    • Treaty of Utrecht
      • Which European country benefitted the most?
    • Cost of Louis XIV's wars?

Questions to Consider

  • Why was Louis XIV considered the quintessential absolutist ruler?  What characteristics of his rule make him differ from his predecessors?
  • What are the various ways that Louis XIV controls various social classes?
  • How did Jean Baptiste Colbert develop the French economy?  What were the limits of these economic improvements (hint: wars)?
  • Why was Louis XIV constantly at war during his reign, and what was the result?

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